Simon Bolivar in his earliest days was spoken of as the Napoleon of South America, so fine a soldier was he and so decisive were the victories that he gained. Born in the Spanish colony of New Granada in 1783, and educated at Madrid, Bolivar soon dedicated himself to the task of freeing the colonists from the yoke of the Mother Country. His party issued a Declaration of Independence in 1811, and a long conflict ensued until 1819, when Bolivar was given the chief command, whereupon he fought two decisive battles and proclaimed the " Republic of Colombia." Hostilities were finally concluded two years later by a further victory at Carabobo. The constitution of Colombia was then adopted, with Bolivar as the first President. The great liberator then turned his attention to Peru, which he freed from Spain in 1824, and to Bolivia, freed in 1825, of both of which countries Bolivar was chosen dictator. His later days were marred by a good deal of suspicion and jealousy on the part of fellow-republicans, but in the end he was referred to no longer as the Napoleon, but as the Washington of his people-a man who had devoted his life to their liberation.